Region :- Bidar – Karnataka
Duration :- 1 night – 2 days
Grade :- Back pack trek/ tour
Bidar Fort- is situated in Bidar city of the northern plateau of Karnataka state. Sultan Alla-Ud-Din Bahaman of Bahamani Dynasty shifted his capital from Gulbarga to Bidar in 1427 and built this fort along with number of Islamic monuments. The grand fort has an Islamic and Persian architecture in every nook and corner of its grandeur.
The Bidar fort have 37 massive octagonal bastions with metal-welded cannons. The Munda Burj is the largest of them all. Of the seven big arching gateways of the fort, the Mandu Darwaza is the first one, followed by Kalmadgi Darwaza, Delhi Darwaza, Kalyani Darwaza, Carnatic Darwaza, Sharza Darwaza named after the lions carved onto it and finally the looming Gumbad Darwaza with ethnic Persian architecture leading into the main complex. The architectural styles of the Persian architecture of Iran made impressive and lasting impacts, which are seen in the Bidar Fort.
Main Structures Inside Bidar Fort-
Rangeen Mahal: Rangin Mahal is an architectural wonder and a perfect epitome of craftsmanship, the palace is situated near Gumbad Gate and is built by Muhammad Shah during the early 16th century with ornate tiles of vivid colours. It was constructed primarily as a safer enclosure for the royalty. The palace was later decorated by Ali Barid with the mother of pearl engravings on black granite and wood.
Solah Khamba Mosque: Is a masterpiece built by Qubil Sultani in 1423-24 AD with a majestic central dome above long arches and 16 pillars of its prayer chamber, from where it gets its name. It is one of the largest mosque in the country.
Tarkash Mahal: South of the Lal Bagh is the Tarkash Mahal built for a Turkish wife of a Bahmani sultan of Bidar during 14th-15th century. It used to be a residential complex for royalties in the inner part and staff on the outer. Built during the same era is the Gagan Mahal known for its security and beauty.
Takht Mahal: Also known as Throne palace was once used by royals of the Bidar rulers as their residence. It witnessed the coronation of many Bahmani and Barid Shahi rulers over the years within its highly embellished and decorated pavilions.
Diwan-E-Am: Diwan-E-Am, used as a court for the public had intricate trellis work which gave it the name Jali Mahal. The large rectangular court once had timber columns of with only granite bases are remaining, and have a tile work & geometric floor pattern.
Other fascinating structures in Bidar city-
Bahamani Tombs, Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah, Chaubara, Mohamad Gawan Madrasa, Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib, Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple
Basavakalyana fort- earlier known as Kalyana fort, is in Bidar district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Its historic importance is dated to the 10th century when capital of Chalukyas was shifted from Manyakheta to Kalyana in the 10th century. The fort is strategically built as a defence structure in a camouflaged setting, which is not discernible till the enemy is at close quarters of the fort. The defences of the fort were built by inter-connecting large boulders scattered on the hills with strong fort walls. The fort has seven gates, out of which five are in good shape. At the entrance to the fort, there is solid arch with balconies on the flanks accessed by series of steps on either side. The fort walls are engraved with images of Yalis and have many bastions with mounted cannons. The deep moat surrounding the fort give additional defense.